Material Safety Data Sheet
Ethanol

Original Source: Sigma-Aldrich Company

SECTION 1. - - - - - - - - - CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION- - - - - - - - - -
     NAME:  ETHANOL
SECTION 2. - - - - - COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS - - - - - -
    CAS #:    64-17-5
    EC NO:  200-578-6
  SYNONYMS
    ABSOLUTE ETHANOL * AETHANOL (GERMAN) * AETHYLALKOHOL (GERMAN) *
    ALCOHOL * ALCOHOL, ANHYDROUS * ALCOHOL DEHYDRATED * ALCOOL ETHYLIQUE
    (FRENCH) * ALCOOL ETILICO (ITALIAN) * ALGRAIN * ALKOHOL (GERMAN) *
    ALKOHOLU ETYLOWEGO (POLISH) * ANHYDROL * COLOGNE SPIRIT * ETANOLO
    (ITALIAN) * ETHANOL (ACGIH:OSHA) * ETHYL ALCOHOL (DOT:OSHA) * ETHYL
    ALCOHOL ANHYDROUS * ETHYL HYDRATE * ETHYL HYDROXIDE * ETYLOWY ALKOHOL
    (POLISH) * FERMENTATION ALCOHOL * GRAIN ALCOHOL * JAYSOL * JAYSOL S *
    METHYLCARBINOL * MOLASSES ALCOHOL * NCI-C03134 * POTATO ALCOHOL * SD
    ALCOHOL 23-HYDROGEN * SPIRITS OF WINE * SPIRT * TECSOL *
SECTION 3. - - - - - - - - - - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION - - - - - - - - -
  LABEL PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS
    FLAMMABLE (USA)
    HIGHLY FLAMMABLE (EU)
    IRRITANT
    IRRITATING TO EYES, RESPIRATORY SYSTEM AND SKIN.
    TARGET ORGAN(S):
    NERVES
    LIVER
    KEEP AWAY FROM SOURCES OF IGNITION - NO SMOKING.
    IN CASE OF CONTACT WITH EYES, RINSE IMMEDIATELY WITH PLENTY OF
    WATER AND SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE.
    WEAR SUITABLE PROTECTIVE CLOTHING.
SECTION 4. - - - - - - - - - - FIRST-AID MEASURES- - - - - - - - - - -
    IF SWALLOWED, WASH OUT MOUTH WITH WATER PROVIDED PERSON IS CONSCIOUS.
    CALL A PHYSICIAN.
    IF INHALED, REMOVE TO FRESH AIR. IF NOT BREATHING GIVE ARTIFICIAL
    RESPIRATION. IF BREATHING IS DIFFICULT, GIVE OXYGEN.
    IN CASE OF CONTACT, IMMEDIATELY WASH SKIN WITH SOAP AND COPIOUS
    AMOUNTS OF WATER.
    IN CASE OF CONTACT, IMMEDIATELY FLUSH EYES WITH COPIOUS AMOUNTS OF
    WATER FOR AT LEAST 15 MINUTES.
SECTION 5. - - - - - - - - - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES - - - - - - - - - -
  EXTINGUISHING MEDIA
    WATER SPRAY.
    CARBON DIOXIDE, DRY CHEMICAL POWDER OR APPROPRIATE FOAM.
  SPECIAL FIREFIGHTING PROCEDURES
    WEAR SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS AND PROTECTIVE CLOTHING TO
    PREVENT CONTACT WITH SKIN AND EYES.
    USE WATER SPRAY TO COOL FIRE-EXPOSED CONTAINERS.
  UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSIONS HAZARDS
    FLAMMABLE LIQUID.
    VAPOR MAY TRAVEL CONSIDERABLE DISTANCE TO SOURCE OF IGNITION AND
    FLASH BACK.
SECTION 6. - - - - - - - - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES- - - - - - - - -
    WEAR RESPIRATOR, CHEMICAL SAFETY GOGGLES, RUBBER BOOTS AND HEAVY
    RUBBER GLOVES.
    ABSORB ON SAND OR VERMICULITE AND PLACE IN CLOSED CONTAINERS FOR
    DISPOSAL.
    VENTILATE AREA AND WASH SPILL SITE AFTER MATERIAL PICKUP IS COMPLETE.
    EVACUATE AREA.
    SHUT OFF ALL SOURCES OF IGNITION.
SECTION 7. - - - - - - - - - - HANDLING AND STORAGE- - - - - - - - - - -
    REFER TO SECTION 8.
SECTION 8. - - - - - - EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION- - - - - -
    MECHANICAL EXHAUST REQUIRED.
    SAFETY SHOWER AND EYE BATH.
    WASH THOROUGHLY AFTER HANDLING.
    DO NOT BREATHE VAPOR.
    AVOID CONTACT WITH EYES, SKIN AND CLOTHING.
    AVOID PROLONGED OR REPEATED EXPOSURE.
    NIOSH/MSHA-APPROVED RESPIRATOR.
    COMPATIBLE CHEMICAL-RESISTANT GLOVES.
    CHEMICAL SAFETY GOGGLES.
    IRRITANT.
    KEEP TIGHTLY CLOSED.
    KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT, SPARKS, AND OPEN FLAME.
    STORE IN A COOL DRY PLACE.
SECTION 9. - - - - - - - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES - - - - - - -
  APPEARANCE AND ODOUR
    LIQUID.
SECTION 10. - - - - - - - - -STABILITY AND REACTIVITY - - - - - - - - -
  STABILITY
    STABLE.
  CONDITIONS TO AVOID
    MOISTURE SENSITIVE
  INCOMPATIBILITIES
    OXIDIZING AGENTS
    PEROXIDES
    ALKALI METALS
    AMMONIA
  HAZARDOUS COMBUSTION OR DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS
    CARBON MONOXIDE, CARBON DIOXIDE
  HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION
    WILL NOT OCCUR.
SECTION 11. - - - - - - - - - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION - - - - - - - -
  ACUTE EFFECTS
    CAUSES SKIN IRRITATION.
    MAY BE HARMFUL IF ABSORBED THROUGH THE SKIN.
    CAUSES EYE IRRITATION.
    MAY BE HARMFUL IF INHALED.
    MATERIAL IS IRRITATING TO MUCOUS MEMBRANES AND UPPER
    RESPIRATORY TRACT.
    MAY BE HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED.
    TO THE BEST OF OUR KNOWLEDGE, THE CHEMICAL, PHYSICAL, AND
    TOXICOLOGICAL PROPERTIES HAVE NOT BEEN THOROUGHLY INVESTIGATED.
  CHRONIC EFFECTS
    TARGET ORGAN(S):
    DAMAGE TO THE HEART
    NERVES
    LIVER
  RTECS #: KQ6300000
    ETHYL ALCOHOL
  IRRITATION DATA
    SKN-RBT 400 MG OPEN MLD                       UCDS** 7/22/1970
    SKN-RBT 20 MG/24H MOD                         85JCAE -,189,1986
    EYE-RBT 500 MG SEV                            AJOPAA 29,1363,1946
    EYE-RBT 500 MG/24H MLD                        85JCAE -,189,1986
    EYE-RBT 100 MG/4S RINSE MOD                   FCTOD7 20,573,1982
  TOXICITY DATA
    ORL-CHD LDLO:2 GM/KG                          ATXKA8 17,183,1958
    ORL-HMN LDLO:1400 MG/KG                       NPIRI* 1,44,1974
    SCU-INF LDLO:19440 MG/KG                      AJCPAI 5,466,1935
    ORL-RAT LD50:7060 MG/KG                       TXAPA9 16,718,1970
    IHL-RAT LC50:20000 PPM/10H                    NPIRI* 1,44,1974
    IPR-RAT LD50:3600 UG/KG                       PHMGBN 2,27,1969
    IVN-RAT LD50:1440 MG/KG                       TXAPA9 18,60,1971
    IAT-RAT LD50:11 MG/KG                         TXAPA9 18,60,1971
    ORL-MUS LD50:3450 MG/KG                       GISAAA 32(3),31,1967
    IHL-MUS LC50:39 GM/M3/4H                      GTPZAB 26(8),53,1982
    IPR-MUS LD50:528 MG/KG                        STRAAA 127,245,1965
    SCU-MUS LD50:8285 MG/KG                       FAONAU 48A,99,1970
    IVN-MUS LD50:1973 MG/KG                       HBTXAC 1,128,1955
    ORL-RBT LD50:6300 MG/KG                       HBTXAC 1,130,1955
    IPR-RBT LD50:963 MG/KG                        EVHPAZ 61,321,1985
    IVN-RBT LD50:2374 MG/KG                       EVHPAZ 61,321,1985
    ORL-GPG LD50:5560 MG/KG                       JIHTAB 23,259,1941
    IPR-GPG LD50:3414 MG/KG                       EVHPAZ 61,321,1985
    IPR-HAM LD50:5068 MG/KG                       EVHPAZ 61,321,1985
    IPR-MAM LD50:4300 MG/KG                       TXAPA9 13,358,1968
  TARGET ORGAN DATA
    BEHAVIORAL (SLEEP)
    BEHAVIORAL (CHANGE IN MOTOR ACTIVITY)
    BEHAVIORAL (ATAXIA)
    BEHAVIORAL (ANTIPSYCHOTIC)
    BEHAVIORAL (HEADACHE)
    BEHAVIORAL (CHANGE IN PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL TESTS)
    LUNGS, THORAX OR RESPIRATION (CHRONIC PULMONARY EDEMA OR CONGESTION)
    LUNGS, THORAX OR RESPIRATION (DYSPNAE)
    LUNGS, THORAX OR RESPIRATION (OTHER CHANGES)
    GASTROINTESTINAL (ALTERATION IN GASTRIC SECRETION)
    GASTROINTESTINAL (HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA)
    GASTROINTESTINAL (NAUSEA OR VOMITING)
    GASTROINTESTINAL (OTHER CHANGES)
    LIVER (FATTY LIVER DEGENERATION)
    LIVER (TUMORS)
    BLOOD (OTHER CHANGES)
    BLOOD (LYMPHOMA INCLUDING HODGKIN'S DISEASE)
    PATERNAL EFFECTS (TESTES, EPIDIDYMIS, SPERM DUCT)
    EFFECTS ON FERTILITY (FEMALE FERTILITY INDEX)
    EFFECTS ON FERTILITY (MALE FERTILITY INDEX)
    EFFECTS ON FERTILITY (POST-IMPLANTATION MORTALITY)
    EFFECTS ON FERTILITY (OTHER MEASURES OF FERTILITY)
    EFFECTS ON EMBRYO OR FETUS (EXTRA EMBRYONIC STRUCTURES)
    EFFECTS ON EMBRYO OR FETUS (CYTOLOGICAL CHANGES)
    EFFECTS ON EMBRYO OR FETUS (FETOTOXICITY)
    EFFECTS ON EMBRYO OR FETUS (FETAL DEATH)
    EFFECTS ON EMBRYO OR FETUS (OTHER EFFECTS TO EMBYRO OR FETUS)
    SPECIFIC DEVELOPMENTAL ABNORMALITIES (EYE, EAR)
    SPECIFIC DEVELOPMENTAL ABNORMALITIES (CRANIOFACIAL)
    SPECIFIC DEVELOPMENTAL ABNORMALITIES (MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM)
    SPECIFIC DEVELOPMENTAL ABNORMALITIES (RESPIRATORY SYSTEM)
    EFFECTS ON NEWBORN (GROWTH STATISTICS)
    TUMORIGENIC (EQUIVOCAL TUMORIGENIC AGENT BY RTECS CRITERIA)
    ONLY SELECTED REGISTRY OF TOXIC EFFECTS OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES
    (RTECS) DATA IS PRESENTED HERE. SEE ACTUAL ENTRY IN RTECS FOR
    COMPLETE INFORMATION.
SECTION 12. - - - - - - - - - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION - - - - - - - - - -
    DATA NOT YET AVAILABLE.
SECTION 13. - - - - - - - - - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS - - - - - - - - -
    BURN IN A CHEMICAL INCINERATOR EQUIPPED WITH AN AFTERBURNER AND
    SCRUBBER BUT EXERT EXTRA CARE IN IGNITING AS THIS MATERIAL IS HIGHLY
    FLAMMABLE.
    OBSERVE ALL FEDERAL, STATE AND LOCAL ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS.
SECTION 14. - - - - - - - - - - TRANSPORT INFORMATION - - - - - - - - -
    CONTACT FLUKA CHEMICAL COMPANY FOR TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION.
SECTION 15. - - - - - - - - - REGULATORY INFORMATION - - - - - - - - - -
  EUROPEAN INFORMATION
    EC INDEX NO:     603-002-00-5
    HIGHLY FLAMMABLE
    IRRITANT
    R 11
    HIGHLY FLAMMABLE.
    S 7
    KEEP CONTAINER TIGHTLY CLOSED.
    S 16
    KEEP AWAY FROM SOURCES OF IGNITION - NO SMOKING.
  REVIEWS, STANDARDS, AND REGULATIONS
    OEL=MAK
    ACGIH TLV-NOT CLASSIFIABLE AS A HUMAN CARCINOGEN  DTLVS* TLV/BEI,1999
    ACGIH TLV-TWA 1000 PPM                        DTLVS* TLV/BEI,1999
    IARC CANCER REVIEW:ANIMAL INADEQUATE EVIDENCE IMEMDT 44,35,1988
    EPA FIFRA 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION
     FEREAC 54,7740,1989
    MSHA STANDARD-AIR:TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3)
     DTLVS* 3,103,1971
    OSHA PEL (GEN INDU):8H TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3)
     CFRGBR 29,1910.1000,1994
    OSHA PEL (CONSTRUC):8H TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3)
     CFRGBR 29,1926.55,1994
    OSHA PEL (SHIPYARD):8H TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3)
     CFRGBR 29,1915.1000,1993
    OSHA PEL (FED CONT):8H TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3)
     CFRGBR 41,50-204.50,1994
    OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3) JAN 1993
    OEL-AUSTRIA: MAK 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3), JAN1999
    OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 1000 PPM (1880 MG/M3) JAN 1993
    OEL-DENMARK: TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3), JAN1999
    OEL-FINLAND:TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3);STEL 1250 PPM (2400 MG/M3) JAN
     1993
    OEL-GERMANY:TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3) JAN 1993
    OEL-HUNGARY:TWA 1000 MG/M3;STEL 3000 MG/M3 JAN 1993
    OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3) JAN 1993
    OEL-POLAND: MAC(TWA) 1000 MG/M3, MAC(STEL) 3000 MG/M3, JAN1999
    OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3) JAN 1993
    OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 1000 MG/M3 JAN 1993
    OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3) JAN 1993
    OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3) JAN 1993
    OEL-THAILAND:TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3) JAN 1993
    OEL-TURKEY:TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3) JAN 1993
    OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 1000 PPM (1900 MG/M3) JAN 1993
    OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA CHECK ACGIH TLV
    OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM CHECK ACGIH TLV
    NIOSH REL TO ETHYL ALCOHOL-AIR:10H TWA 1000 PPM
     NIOSH* DHHS #92-100,1992
    NOHS 1974: HZD 31500; NIS 430; TNF 157709; NOS 242; TNE 2088926
    NOES 1983: HZD 31500; NIS 334; TNF 86077; NOS 222; TNE 2069125; TFE
     1014002
    EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, POSITIVE: RODENT DOMINANT LETHAL
    EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, NEGATIVE: ASPERGILLUS-FORWARD MUTATION;
     SHE-CLONAL ASSAY
    EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, NEGATIVE: CELL TRANSFORM.-RLV F344 RAT EMBRYO
    EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, NEGATIVE: IN VITRO CYTOGENETICS-NONHUMAN;
     MAMMALIAN MICRONUCLEUS
    EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, NEGATIVE: N CRASSA-ANEUPLOIDY; HISTIDINE
     REVERSION-AMES TEST
    EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, NEGATIVE: IN VITRO SCE-HUMAN LYMPHOCYTES; IN
     VITRO SCE-HUMAN
    EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, NEGATIVE: IN VITRO SCE-NONHUMAN; SPERM
     MORPHOLOGY-MOUSE
    EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, NEGATIVE/LIMITED: CARCINOGENICITY-MOUSE/RAT
    EPA TSCA SECTION 8(B) CHEMICAL INVENTORY
    EPA TSCA SECTION 8(D) UNPUBLISHED HEALTH/SAFETY STUDIES
    EPA TSCA TEST SUBMISSION (TSCATS) DATA BASE, DECEMBER 1999
    NIOSH ANALYTICAL METHOD, 1994: ETHANOL IN BLOOD, 8002
    NIOSH ANALYTICAL METHOD, 1994: ALCOHOLS I, 1400
    NTP CARCINOGENESIS STUDIES; ON TEST (TWO YEAR STUDIES), APRIL 2000
SECTION 16. - - - - - - - - - - OTHER INFORMATION- - - - - - - - - - - -
    THE ABOVE INFORMATION IS BELIEVED TO BE CORRECT BUT DOES NOT PURPORT TO
    BE ALL INCLUSIVE AND SHALL BE USED ONLY AS A GUIDE. SIGMA, ALDRICH,
    FLUKA SHALL NOT BE HELD LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGE RESULTING FROM HANDLING
    OR FROM CONTACT WITH THE ABOVE PRODUCT. SEE REVERSE SIDE OF INVOICE OR
    PACKING SLIP FOR ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE.
    COPYRIGHT 1999 SIGMA-ALDRICH CO.
    LICENSE GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

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